Why Tolman’s theory called an S-S theory rather than an S-R theory?

Explain what Piaget meant when he said that the cognitive structures “construct” the physical environment.
December 26, 2020
Compare Bandura’s theory to Tolman’s theory.
December 26, 2020

1. Why can Tolman’s theory be considered a combination of Gestalt psychology and behaviorism?

2. What is purposive behaviorism?

3. Why Tolman’s theory called an S-S theory rather than an S-R theory?

4. Describe a situation that would allow you to determine whether an animal is utilizing a cognitive map to solve a problem.