1. Summarize the final version of Mowrer’s theory and explain why it is considered basically cognitive in nature.
2. Summarize the evidence that caused Spence to change from a reinforcement theorist to a contiguity theorist with regard to instrumental conditioning.
3. In what sense did Spence remain a reinforcement theorist?
4. Describe the implications of D x K x SHR versus (D + K) x SHR.