Describe the circumstances under which learned helplessness develops.

Describe the two-factor theory that Mowrer developed to explain avoidance conditioning.
December 26, 2020
Explain how extinction and counter conditioning are used as therapeutic techniques
December 26, 2020

1. Describe what kind of conditioned behavior is produced by positive and negative contingencies.

2. What, according to Seligman, is learned helplessness? Describe the circumstances under which learned helplessness develops.

3. How, according to Seligman, can learned helplessness be avoided?

4. Discuss Mackintosh’s theory of classical conditioning based on attention. Include in your answer Mackintosh’s explanation of blocking.

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