1. For Tolman, is reinforcement a learning or a performance variable? Explain.
2. Describe briefly the six kinds of learning proposed by Tolman.
3. Summarize the study performed by Tolman and Honzik on latent learning. What conclusions can be drawn from their results?
4. Describe a typical latent extinction experiment and explain why the phenomenon of latent extinction was thought to support Tolman’s theory.