1. Discuss the key points of Voeks’s restatement of Guthrie’s theory.
2. Categorize each of the following theorists as accepting either an incremental explanation of learning or an all-or-none explanation: Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Guthrie, Skinner, and Hull. Briefly explain your reason (s) for categorizing each theorist as you did.
3. Design an experiment that would allow one to determine clearly whether learning is incremental or all-or-none.