Practicing Rhetorical Analysis
We write (use rhetoric) to inquire (the process through which we figure out the right questions to ask), discover/create new knowledge (we put our own summaries-analyses-and interpretations into conversation with the ideas of others in order to carve our new positions/knowledge) and communicate (write in particular genres to particular audiences in order to change that audience’s perspective). These are the most important moves for anyone in any discipline (indeed, as we’ll find later, it’s what separates us from AI). So, we should practice those literacy practices. We can begin this process and learning by coming to understand the difference between summary and analysis, and enacting that knowledge. You’ll need to have read the PPTs I assigned earlier in the week to do this. Please follow the steps below:
Read the article.
Fill in the blanks below (write your answer after the “=” Please feel free to provide direct quotations from the article or your own paraphrase):
What is the S(ubject)?=
Who is the W(riter)?=
Who is the A(udience)?=
What is the P(urpose) of the piece?=
Please note, the above four elements are generally the parts the compose summaries.
The following five parts draw our attention to how the above four influence the composition/design of the piece as a whole.
3) Fill in the blanks below:
What does the author want to R(evise) in the audience (what actions or knowledge)?=
How is the piece A(arranged)?=
What are the author’s sources of I(nvention) (think about methods, citations, prior knowledge, etc.)?=
How is the piece D(elivered)?=
What is the S(tyle) of the piece?=
Comparing, then, the relationships between SWAP and RAIDS, as well as the individual elements (Why does the purpose demand that style?), we can begin 1) to learn/inquire about the subject of the piece, 2) understand/discover why the author wrote the piece the way he/she did, and, finally 3) communicate the results of that process.
In other words, by breaking this piece into the nine parts, we can begin to develop a summary, analysis, interpretation, synthesis, and evaluation of the text. YAY!
4) Answer this question:
What was the strangest/most striking part of the article you read?