Your textbook addresses the dangers and skills of self-disclosure and the need for monitoring counter-transference. How do you manage the danger and skills of self-disclosure? How might you avoid or react to an occurrence of countertransference?
Professionals in the human service field carefully and sensitively use skills that promote the immediacy of service delivery. As human service professionals begin to assess the client and his or her experience, they are more likely to briefly share personal experiences of their own as it relates to the client system. Feedback from client behavior observations, thought processes, and feelings are highly beneficial in assessing self-disclosure. Before providing self-disclosure as part of advocating for client change, trust and openness is essential in establishing a communicative relationship between human service professionals and their clients. This module addresses how to use appropriate self-disclosure and offer feedback on how the client is progressing on the issue or problem by summarizing other strategies to advocate for client change.
Many human service professionals struggle with the decision to provide self-disclosure. Similarly, these professionals wonder if they should share their own personal observations, experiences, and ideas with the client. In the multicultural framework, theorist suggests that self-disclosure is the key to establishing trust and openness in the long run. When this strategy is used appropriately and empathetically, it allows the client to be empowered and encourages more in-depth disclosure about the issue or problem that they are facing. All of this will hopefully help the client begin to feel comfortable working with human service professionals to find a new solution or course of action related to the issue or need.
The five key aspects of self-disclosure are listening, self-disclosing and sharing briefly, using “I” statements, briefly sharing and describing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and being empathetically genuine and using appropriate immediacy and tense. Using these key aspects encourages clients to talk and creates additional trust and a more equal relationship between the human service professional and the client. This approach can promote successful client therapy and client change.
book Reading and Resources
Textbook: Essentials of Intentional Interviewing: Counseling in a Multicultural World, Chapters 8, 9, and 11
Click the Essentials of Intentional Interviewing e-text link in this module to access this resource.