Behavioral Observations Report

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February 4, 2020
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Behavioral Observations Report
Please write a report following the directions below, and upload here. Name your file “Last Name First Name PSY 430 ObservationsReport” Keep a running document for yourself, and submit the entire thing by the due date as one complete report (don’t submit it as you go.) Entire paper Due by February 28th, midnight.

Be sure you make your OWN observations, and don’t plagiarize. Submissions will be checked with safe assign.

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Behavioral Observations Report for Students in PSY 430

Objective: Provide the student with specific practice in the area of behavior modification observations, analyses, and data collection. The main objective is to be able to recognize behavioral principles as they are occurring. (However, observations are never guaranteed to be correct, but rather, they are speculations on the causes of behavior, that would require testing to determine for sure)

  1. Each student will conduct observations of themselves, family members, people they know, and/or people they observe in a public situation and attempt to analyze in terms of the behavioral principles that may be operating within the situation. Students will

keep a journal comprised of observations of family members, friends, people in public places, etc. People you are observing should be given pseudonyms to protect their anonymity. The student will be expected to describe the behavior of others, their interactions with others, and will draw tentative conclusions regarding what reinforcers, punishers, discriminative stimuli, etc. may be contributing to the behavior, or maintaining the behavior.

  1. These videos help you to determine what the ABCs of behavior might be. Watch these videos prior to doing any observations. However, you do not have to write your journal in terms of ABC assessment or a form.

ABC Assessment (gives good explanation of what ABC’s are and how to do ABC assessment.) A= antecedent, B= behavior, C= consequence (8:35 min)

Completing an ABC analysis form. 6 min

Begin taking observations week of January 20th and continue throughout semester until due date.

Students should look for and write about behavioral principles as they are occurring in your daily life. You need a total of at least 20 observations and analyses in terms of trying to identify the principle and whatever stimuli can be identified in the situation.

NOTE: You are not required to have a complete ABC chart, as in the first video, but you need to do your observations, and record the ABCs of the situation, and then identify the principle that you think is operating.

You need at least 2 each of these:

a) positive reinforcement,

b) negative reinforcement,

c) extinction,

d) punishment, (identify which type)

e) stimulus control

The remainder should include examples of: shaping, fading, prompting, chaining, and additional principles, or schedules, or concepts such as deprivation, satiation, fixed ratio schedules operating, etc. for a minimum total of 20. Your report should not just include the first 5.

Start working on the reinforcement, punishment, extinction and stimulus control ones first, and as the semester goes you will learn about the other concepts and come across examples.

(NOTE: In some cases, you may not come across an exact procedure, because people may not be using it correctly in everyday life. For example, for fading, someone may not systematically remove the prompts as they would like a behavior analyst. But you may be able to add to the situation, or describe how it could be improved to be the way a behavior analyst would do it. Make sure you don’t plagiarize examples from others or the web. Give pseudonyms for the people in your scenarios.

You may wish to italicize the behavioral analysis concepts you use as I have below.

Here is an example:

Stimulus Discrimination/Stimulus Control

The other day I was telling my two year old grandson to not be so loud in the house. I told him, “You need to use your inside voice, in the house; if you want to yell, you can go outside and yell in the backyard.” I realized that I was teaching him stimulus discrimination and stimulus control. Being inside is a discriminative stimulus (Sd ) for quiet talking, while being outside is a discriminative stimulus (Sd) for loud talking. So, when he quieted down, I told him good boy! This was his reinforcer for talking quietly inside. So, learning to talk one way in one situation and another in a different situation is an example of stimulus discrimination.

Learning to reliably talk quietly whenever inside, is an example of stimulus control

Notice in this example, I have identified the stimuli and the behavior and the consequence, and the principles operating in the situation.

If you are unsure how to proceed, please contact me and send me an email example to see if I think you are doing them correctly.

I will grade only one attempt, but have given you the option of submitting two attempts in case you have a problem with your first file, or wish me to look at it briefly.

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